Kilim carpet have many varieties. Usually the serjan and Soumakh rugs are made by needle work and cloth (Like embroidery) this is why a Kilim differs from normal carpet. The people of Iran and the Caucasus are amongst the most predominant makers of Kilim rugs.Kilim differs from one another depending upon the region.
Mashad Kilims are like Soumakh but differ from other Kilims as it has a softer outer surface and colourful shades. A kilim has no pile and is regarded as a sound Investment.
Kilims carpet are produced by tightly interweaving the warp and weft strands of the weave to produce a flat surface with no pile. Kilim weaves are tapestry weaves, technically weft-faced plain weaves, that is, the horizontal weft strands are pulled tightly downward so that they hide the vertical warp strands.Turkish kilim, folded to show slits between different coloured areas
When the end of a color boundary is reached, the weft yarn is wound back from the boundary point. Thus, if the boundary of a field is a straight vertical line, a vertical slit forms between the two different color areas where they meet. For this reason, most kilim can be classed as “slit woven” textiles. The slits are beloved by collectors, as they produce very sharp-etched designs, emphasizing the geometry of the weave. Weaving strategies for avoiding slit formation, such as interlocking, produce a more blurred design image.
The weft strands, which carry the visible design and color, are almost always wool, whereas the hidden warp strands can be either wool or cotton. The warp strands are only visible at the ends, where they emerge as the fringe. This fringe is usually tied in bunches, to ensure against loosening or unraveling of the weave.